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Exploring Indonesia’s Sustainability Bold Moves

Indonesia, the world's largest archipelago and home to rich biodiversity, is making significant strides in sustainability. In recent years, the country has embarked on bold moves to address environmental challenges and promote sustainable development. Among those are several initiatives and achievements that perfectly highlight Indonesia's commitment to environmental sustainability.



Indonesia is making notable progress in expanding its renewable energy capacity. The government has set an ambitious target to achieve 23% renewable energy in its energy mix by 2025. As of 2023, renewable energy contributes approximately 14.5% to the national energy mix, a significant increase from previous years. Key initiatives include the development of geothermal energy and solar projects. Indonesia is the second-largest producer of geothermal energy globally, with a capacity of over 2,300 MW. New projects, such as the Rantau Dedap and Sarulla geothermal plants, are further boosting this capacity. Additionally, the Cirata Floating Solar Power Plant, the largest in Southeast Asia with a capacity of 145 MW, is a flagship project demonstrating Indonesia's commitment to solar energy.


(Source: McKinsey, 2024)


Indonesia has one of the world's largest tropical rainforests, which plays a crucial role in global carbon sequestration. However, deforestation has been a major issue. To combat this, the government has implemented several initiatives aimed at reforestation and forest conservation. The Social Forestry Program aims to allocate 12.7 million hectares of forest to local communities by 2024. As of 2023, over 4.5 million hectares have been allocated, empowering local communities to manage and protect their forests. Another significant measure is the moratorium on new palm oil plantations issued in 2018 to curb deforestation. This policy has been extended and is showing positive results in slowing down deforestation rates.


As an archipelagic nation, Indonesia is deeply invested in marine conservation. The country is committed to protecting its rich marine biodiversity and ensuring sustainable use of its marine resources. Indonesia has established over 23 million hectares of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), aiming to increase this to 30 million hectares by 2030. These areas help protect vital marine ecosystems and endangered species. Additionally, the government launched a national action plan to reduce marine plastic debris by 70% by 2025. Initiatives include promoting reusable products, improving waste management infrastructure, and raising public awareness.


Agriculture is a significant part of Indonesia's economy, and sustainable practices are essential to ensure long-term productivity and environmental health. Agroforestry systems, which combine agriculture and forestry, are being promoted to enhance biodiversity, improve soil health, and increase farmers' resilience to climate change. The government also supports organic farming through subsidies and training programs. As of 2023, there has been a marked increase in the number of organic farms, contributing to healthier ecosystems and sustainable livelihoods.


Indonesia's rapid urbanization presents both challenges and opportunities for sustainable development. Efforts are being made to promote green infrastructure and sustainable urban planning. The Green Building Council Indonesia (GBCI) promotes the development of green buildings. As of 2023, over 200 buildings have received green certification, incorporating energy-efficient designs and sustainable materials. Another significant initiative is the expansion of Jakarta's Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system, which began operations in 2019. The MRT system aims to reduce traffic congestion and lower carbon emissions, with the second phase of the project expected to be completed by 2025.


Indonesia's bold moves towards sustainability reflect a deep commitment to protecting its natural resources and promoting sustainable development. From renewable energy expansion to forest conservation and marine protection, these initiatives are paving the way for a greener future. While challenges remain, the progress made thus far is promising and sets a positive example for other nations to follow.



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